Overview of Temple of Literature

06/03/2018 18:06


Where is the Temple of Literature?

The Temple of Literature is located in the Dong Da district, between the four major streets: Nguyen Thai Hoc, Ton Duc Thang, Van Mieu and Quoc Tu Giam.


Pictures of Temple of Literature (photo collection)


If coming from Hoan Kiem Lake, you follow Le Thai To street, turn right on Trang Thi street, go to Cua Nam, Nguyen Khuyen and turn left into Van Mieu street. Because of Hanoi Street there are many one-way streets, especially around Van Mieu area should you remember to avoid traffic violations nhé.


If you go by bus, you go the following routes will have stops near this area: 02, 23, 38, 25, 41.


Admission tickets Van Mieu


At this time, tourists and visitors to Van Mieu must buy tickets to the gate. Adult tickets are VND 20.000 and children tickets are VND 10,000.


This price is quite cheap and apply for both Vietnamese and foreign guests.


Introduction to the history and architecture of Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam


The Temple of Literature was built in 1070 under the reign of King Ly Thanh Tong, the place of worship of Confucius, Zhou and Sichuan. In 1076 King Ly Nhan Tong founded the nearby Quoc Tu Giam, a university dedicated to the king's children and noble families. At the time of King Tran Thai Tong, Quoc Tu Giam was renamed National Academic Institute and included the children of ordinary people with excellent academic strength.


In the post-Le dynasty, King Le Thanh Tong's life began to set up the beer of the candidates pass the doctor. By the Nguyen Dynasty, Quoc Tu Giam was established Hue. Thang Long Temple was rebuilt only the Temple of Literature of Bac Thanh, later changed to the Temple of Literature in Hanoi. 


Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam relic complex is located in the area of ​​54331 m2, including many small architectural works harmoniously in the campus surrounded by bricks. Experiencing many remedies, this monument complex includes Ho Van, Van Mieu di, Dai Trung, Khue Van Cau, Thien Quang well, Ph.D., Dai Thanh, and Thai Hoc.


Greater China (photo collection)


Teachers in the east and west have two rows of 14 rooms. The classrooms of the students are three rows, each row 25, each room 2 people.The entire Van Mieu architecture is now the architecture of the early Nguyen. The campus is surrounded by four walls built of Bat Trang brick.Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam architectural complexes are arranged for each zone and each class according to the North-South axis, mimicking the overall planning of the Temple of Literature in Confucius Temple in China. However, the scale here is simpler, simpler architecture and traditional art form.


Khue Van Cau and Thien Quang well (photo collection)


In front of the Temple of Literature there is a large lake called Van Chuong Lake, formerly known as Thai Ho Lake. In the middle of the lake there is Kim Chau mound, formerly there is a floor for sightseeing. In addition to the main gate, there are four pillars, the two sides have the beer "Ha Ma", around the area of ​​high walls surrounded. The Gate of the Temple of Literature, built on the three-dimensional style, on the word "Temple of the Temple" ancient Han. In the Temple of Literature divided into 5 distinct areas, each area has separated walls and gates connected to each other.


Temple of Literature (photo collection)


The main gate of the Temple of Literature was built in the style of Tam Quan, on which there are three words "Temple of Literature" ancient Han script. Temple Walls are built of brick. Inside, there are five separate walls, each with separate walls and gates.


Area one



Beginning with the main gate of the Temple of Literature, go to the Great Gate of China, the two sides have the door of Thanh Duc Mon and Dat Tai Mon.


Second zone




From Greater China to Khue Van. Khue Van is an architectural work but not massive but harmonious rate and beautiful. The structure consists of four square (85cm x 85cm) pillars underneath the upper level, with beautiful wooden structures.


Khue Van The (photo collection)


Upstairs there are 4 rounded doors, parapet railings and simple wooden roof supporters. Double-layer tile roofs made up of 8 roofs, roof edges and flat roofs.

The staircase is a square with eight roofs, the four walls are the windows round the sun radiating light. On the left side of the Khue Van is Bi Van Mon and Sucrong Mon lead into two houses Dr.

Khue Van in Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam has been recognized as a symbol of Hanoi.


Third zone


Doctor's House (photo collection)


Including the lake Province of Tiananmen (ie sunlight wells), there are square. On the side of the lake is the doctor's house. Each stone plate is made of stone, engraved with the names of the poinsettias, Tagalog, Thám hoa, Hoàng Phát, Dr.. Beer placed on rock tortoise. There are also 82 steles on the exams from 1442 to 1779. These are the relics of the relics.


The fourth zone


The central area and the main architecture of the Temple of Literature, including two large works in parallel and sequential layout. The outside building is Bai Road, the upper court is Upper Palace. This is the area of ​​worship Confucius and Fourfold (Nhan Tu, Monk, Tu Tu, Mencius).


Bai Temple in Van Mieu (photo collection)


The fifth

It is a Thai school. At Nguyen Quoc Tu Giam in Hanoi was abolished, the moratorium was changed to the Holy shrine, the father worship, the mother of Confucius. However, this building was destroyed during the resistance war against France. The new building was rebuilt by the Hanoi City in 1999. In the fifth part, there is the Tien-Hau Duong house, the place where the kings of Ly Thanh Tong, Ly Nhan Tong and Le Thanh Tong lived. Chu Van An.



Church of three kings in Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam (photo collection)


Some note when visiting Temple of Literature

Respect relics and observance of the regulations of the monument management unit: No damage to relics, relics landscape; Do not rub turtle head, write, draw, stand, sit on beer Dr. ... 
Dress clean, neat (Do not wear dress or pants too short, costumes, costumes in the house); Do not smoke, hat, hat in the area of ​​the sanctuary, display ... 
Perform civilized way of worshiping places: No lack of culture, secular, causing disorder and security; To be attentive to the ceremony, each person only light a compress; Mass offerings, burn incense in the prescribed place.


Incense burner in Temple of Literature (photo collection)

Thong ke