Where is Hoa Lo prison?

12/03/2018 17:52


Where is Hoa Lo prison?

Hoa Lo Prison is located on Hoa Lo Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi (which is located on the land of Phu Khanh village in Vinh Xuong District, Tho Xuong District) was built in 1896 by the French Colonialists. "started construction in Con Dao. 


Map showing directions from Golden Cyclo Hotel to Hoa Lo Prison


The view of the Hoa Lo Prison from Hoa Lo was over 12,000 square meters, one of the largest and most permanent prisons in Indochina at that time.


The French language of the prison at that time was Maison Centrale , meaning Central Prison or Hanoi Prison. This was the central prison of both Central and Tonkin, detaining many people, including political prisoners, patriots against the French colonial government from 1896 to 1954. The remaining area 2,434m2 is currently planned to preserve relics. 


The construction of the prison allowed Hoa Lo to regularly house about 500 prisoners with extremely strict and severe detention. With the French barbarian's most brazen weapon is a giant cutting machine, the Hoa Lo prison is known to be one of the world's ten most notorious prisoners, or top 5 most lucrative sites in Southeast Asia. .


Since its inception in January 1899, the Hoa Lo prison has taken prisoners and images attached to the first prisoners until the last one was the shackles of steel legs.


The cell, dark room, cramped cell, lack of air. 
The guards here are infamous, have senior governing the prison ready to suppress, even take the lives of prisoners.


The French colonialists paid special attention to the construction and selection of prison construction materials. Door system iron, lock was brought from France to, censored strict before construction. 


Cachot (prison) is used to imprison prisoners who are punished for violating the rules of the prison or of opposing activities (organizing struggles, organizing escape, propagating the revolution). Cachot is a "hell of hell", the cell is cramped, dark. Here the prisoners were isolated, shackled at night, had to eat the toilet in place, sloping floor slope backward so that prisoners can not lie. The custody of Cachot was short-lived due to edema, blurred vision, scabies, lack of sanitation, light and oxygen.


Hoa Lo was nicknamed "hell on earth" between Hanoi and prisoners. They had to suffer from the flickering fire as they stepped through the heavily wooded iron gate, then shackled, brutally beaten in solitary confinement cells or slammed cell phones.


This painting is hanging at the Hoa Lo Prison . From the torture methods, brutal beatings, prison guards also take prisoners of heavy labor: repairing houses, pounding rice, go to work in the dormitories, go to work at the war school. The political prisoners of Hoa Lo were forced to work hard, brutal beating. 


The prison cell imprisonment imprisoned prisoners to death sentences awaiting the execution day is deep in the same and must pass through three different layers of iron door to the new.


The most terrible in Hoa Lo is a medieval guillotine machine, designed by two 4m high wooden posts with a blade held high on the pin. Below there is another crossbar and a narrow price for the sin set the input. 


The two planks are semicircular, assembled into two circles, blocking the top and bottom of the neck of the crime to put the knife in the middle. Inside the pillars are two grooves to the blade which fall down in a vertical line. 


Below is a drop of iron to drop the head of the prisoner, next door is a rattan basket containing the body.


In January 1930, the guillotine was transported to Yen Bai to execute 13 Vietnamese Nationalist soldiers captured in the Yen Bai uprising (led by Nguyen Thai Hoc). This brutal barrage in prison operates continuously, which is used to transfer from one prison to another throughout North Vietnam.


Women's detention centers are loosened when prisoners are not shackled to take care of their children.


However, the colonial prisoners have very vicious torture methods for female offenders in the form of electrocution electric shock at the Hanoi Secret Service or rudimentary bait to use the corporal punishment in place The weakness of the political prisoners.


Surrounding the prison are reinforced stone walls of 4 meters high, 0.5 meters thick still lasting more than a century.


The edge of the fence is covered with a piece of glass with a grid connected to any prisoners are afraid to think about escape.


From such stringent regulations, the French colonialists assured and assumed that the Hoa Lo Prison "inside any foreign," not "the ant can not pass". However, many of the successful prisoners of the political prisoners were successful when they saw the barren tunnel under the death camp. Some were captured, some of them returned to the base of resistance, continuing to engage in combat.

Sightseeing tickets

Ticket price: 30,000 VND / person
- STUDENT, STUDENT (with Student ID card). 
- ELDERLY (who is a Vietnamese citizen aged 60 and above). 
- People have the Internet. 
- MEMBERS OF MEMBERS: Veterans, Resistance Liaison, Prison Liaison in the country.

Thong ke